|Author||Narrative In-Text Citation||Parenthetical In-Text Citation|
|One||Gomez (2020)||(Gomez, 2020).|
|Two||Amari and Wang (2020)||(Amari & Wang, 2020).|
|Three to twenty||Singh et al. (2020)||(Singh et al., 2020).|
|Twenty-one or more||Mohamed et al. (2020).||(Mohamed et al., 2020).|
|Group||Midwestern University (2019)||(Midwestern University, 2019).|
|Group with an identifiable abbreviation||American Psychological Association (APA, 2020)
|(American Psychological Association [APA], 2020).
APA Style uses an author-date citation format to refer readers to the reference list entry.
After a narrative author-date citation is provided, it is acceptable to omit the year in subsequent narrative references to the work within the same paragraph. As long as the source remains clear and unchanged in following sentences, another full author-date citation is unnecessary.
Once another citation is introduced to the paragraph or a new paragraph starts, another full author-date citation is needed.
See Section 8.1 of the APA Publication Manual, Seventh Edition for additional examples.
Downers Grove Campus Library (630) 515-6200
555 31st St. Downers Grove, IL 60515
Map and Driving Directions - IL
Glendale Campus Library (623) 572-3308
19555 N. 59th Ave. Glendale, AZ 85308
Map and Driving Directions - AZ