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Residency Research Manual: PICO Questions

Start with a PICO Question

Defines search terms or keywords and the type of question


P: describes patient, population or problem

  • target of clinical question
  • identify clinical characteristics relevant to question

I: describes the intervention under review

  • what is being considered?

C: describes the comparison intervention

  • what would be done in place of the intervention above?
  • what is standard practice?
    • may not always be available

O: describes outcome

  • what is relevant to patient or practitioner?
  • what is found in the literature?

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